(Sri Rayaru's  devotion towards Lord Kirshna and Chapter 8 of Geeta - 2)

Date : July 20, 2023


Dear Devotees : Namaskara.

| Sri MannMoolaRamastu Mannmathe Moolamahasamsthhaana Mantralaya Sri Rayaramathe||

Continuation of last series Sri RaghavendraTeertharu’s affectionate devotion towards Lord Kirshna and Chapter 8 of Geeta, Akshara Brahma Yoga are described in Mantralaya(1047).


We explored the profound connection between Lord Krishna and Sri RaghavendraTeertharu across all incarnations. As we recollect from Chapter 8, Lord Krishna imparts a crucial teaching to Arjuna, emphasizing the importance of directing one's focus towards Him and remembering His divine name at the time of one's final moments.

Geeta  Chapter 8, 5th and 6th sloka 

|| Anta-kale cha mam eva Smaran muktva kalevaram
 Yah prayati sa mad-bhavam Yati nastyatra samshayah ||.
|| ಅಂತಕಾಲೇ ಚ ಮಮೇವ ಸ್ಮರನ್ ಮುಕ್ತ್ವಾ ಕಲೇವರಂ
ಯಃ ಪ್ರಯಾತಿ ಸ ಮದ್ಭಾವಂ ಯಾತಿ ನಸ್ತ್ಯತ್ರ ಸಂಶಯಃ ||

|| Yam yam vapi smaran bhavam Tyajatyante kalevaram
Tam tamevaiti kaunteya Sada tad-bhava-bhavitah ||
|| ಯಂ ಯಂ ವಾಪಿ ಸ್ಮರಣ್ ಭಾವಂ ತ್ಯಜತ್ಯಂತೇ ಕಲೇವರಂ
 ತಂ ತಮೇವೈತಿ ಕೌಂತೇಯ ಸದಾ ತದ್ಭಾವ ಭವಿತಃ ||

In the insightful commentary of Sri Raghavendra Swamy on the Geeta, Sri Rayaru elucidates the profound truth that at the moment of death, the object of our meditation determines our future birth. If one constantly remembers and meditates upon the Supreme Lord, they transcend the cycle of birth and death. Krishna's divine message echoes the significance of directing our thoughts towards Him, urging us to remember and hold onto Him alone.

In the realm of mortality, as human beings, we often grapple with two fundamental doubts regarding the inevitability of death and the prospect of remembering God during our final moments. First one is , it is a common apprehension that the throes of death bring forth immense physical and emotional distress, making it seemingly impossible to focus our thoughts on the Divine.However, the enlightened teachings of Sri Rayaru provide us with profound insights to assuage these concerns. Sri Rayaru assures us that the exalted souls who have attained spiritual wisdom do not perceive death as a painful ordeal. Their elevated consciousness enables them to transcend the fear and suffering associated with the mortal realm. For them, the process of death becomes a sublime transition, a gateway to a higher state of existence.Furthermore, Sri Rayaru provides insightful clarification regarding the experience of pain during the final moments of life. While it is true that the physical body may endure anguish in the moments leading up to death, Sri Rayaru assures us that at the very instant of death and the last breath, even those who may lack spiritual awareness are devoid of bodily suffering. It is during this sacred juncture that the soul disentangles itself from the mortal confines of the physical form.This revelation holds profound significance in the context of our ability to focus our thoughts on the Divine. With the absence of physical pain at the time of death, our minds are freed from the distractions and limitations of bodily sensations. This creates a conducive environment for contemplation and meditation upon the Lord. Thus, even for those who may not possess profound spiritual understanding, the moment of passing offers a precious opportunity to redirect our consciousness towards the Divine.Sri Rayaru's teachings instill hope and inspiration, assuring us it is indeed possible to engage in deep remembrance and meditation upon the Lord during the final moments of life. With the body freed from the grip of pain, the soul remains untouched by suffering, enabling us to turn our focus inward and unite with the Divine in our last breath.This understanding encourages us to cultivate a deeper connection with the Divine throughout our lives, knowing that the auspicious opportunity to remember God resides within the sacred realm of the final breath. By embracing this knowledge and nurturing our spiritual practices, we can embark on a transformative journey, transcending the limitations of the mortal realm and attaining eternal union with the Supreme.

Another doubt that often arises pertains to the notion of living life according to our whims and fancies, and then solely relying on the remembrance of the Lord during our final moments. Sri Rayaru addresses this misconception, highlighting that it is not a simple task to meditate upon the Lord and focus our minds at will. It requires dedicated practice and continuous purification of the mind.Both Acharya Madhvaru and Sri Rayaru emphasize the significance of consistently remembering the Lord in every breath we take. By cultivating a constant awareness of the Divine in our daily lives, we create a conducive environment for meditation and spiritual contemplation. Engaging in regular spiritual practices and developing a steadfast connection with the Lord increases the likelihood that we will be able to invoke His divine presence during our last breath.

To illustrate this, let us delve into the story of Sri Bharata Chakravarti from the Bhagavatam. Bharata, the son of Lord Vrushaba, reigned over the earth for more than 10,000 years. It is from his name that the land came to be known as Bharat (not to be confused with the Bharat son of Shakuntala and Dushyanta). As the son of the divine Lord, Bharata Maharaja exemplified righteousness and ruled the Bharat kingdom with utmost adherence to virtuous conduct. However, nearing the twilight of his life, Bharata Maharaja felt a deep yearning to seek spiritual enlightenment. He renounced all material wealth and possessions, generously bequeathing them to his children. In his quest for the radiance of wisdom, he chose to retreat to the solitude of the forest, where he aspired to dedicate himself to intense meditation and introspection.

Bharat ventured into the forest, finding solace in the serene abode of sage Pulaha. Nestled amidst the enchanting surroundings, embellished by the sacred waters of the Gandaki River, was the hermitage where Bharat chose to reside. In this tranquil sanctuary, he embarked upon a solitary existence, dedicating his days to the worship and adoration of Lord Narayana.The depths of Bharat's heart overflowed with boundless love and unwavering devotion for the Supreme Lord. Immersed in the divine presence, his material desires gradually diminished, making way for the blossoming of spiritual ecstasy. In the sanctuary of the forest, Bharat experienced a profound union with the Divine, transcending the realm of mundane aspirations and entering a realm of unparalleled devotion.As he immersed himself in the divine worship, the veils of illusion dissolved, revealing the sublime truth that lies beyond the material realm. Bharat's spiritual journey became an enchanting dance of devotion, as his heart resonated with the divine presence of Lord Narayana. In this elevated state of consciousness, he attained a stage of spiritual bliss, where worldly desires melted away, and his soul merged with the divine essence.Bharat's unwavering commitment to his spiritual practice and his unyielding love for the Lord became the guiding force that propelled him towards the pinnacle of spiritual realization. The forest became a haven of transformation, where his heart underwent a divine alchemy, purifying his being and connecting him with the eternal source of divine love and grace.
In the serene solitude of the forest, amidst the gentle whispers of nature, Bharat's devotion and surrender bloomed, transforming his entire existence into an enchanting symphony of devotion and divine communion. It is through his unwavering love and his unwavering dedication that Bharat transcended the boundaries of the material world, merging his soul with the infinite divine presence of Lord Narayana.

On a serene and peaceful day, the benevolent king found solace beneath the comforting shade of a magnificent tree. As he immersed himself in the serenity of nature, his compassionate eyes caught sight of a poignant and sorrowful scene that unfolded before him.A pregnant deer, driven by her unyielding thirst, approached the serene river's edge to drink from its cool and refreshing waters. However, the tranquil atmosphere was abruptly shattered by the thunderous roar of a nearby lion. Startled and terrified, the frightened deer leaped desperately in an attempt to reach the safety of the opposite river bank.Tragically, in her desperate leap, the pregnant deer suffered a miscarriage, and her precious fawn (baby deer) slipped from her grasp, plunging into the unforgiving waters below. Overwhelmed by anguish and sorrow, the mother deer's heart ceased to beat, and she breathed her final breath in that very moment.However, amidst the heart-wrenching scene, the compassionate king's eyes witnessed the struggling fawn, courageously fighting against the current. His heart brimmed with empathy, and driven by an overwhelming sense of compassion, he extended his caring arms and rescued the orphaned fawn from the treacherous river. In a tender act of kindness, he cradled the vulnerable creature in his arms, embracing her delicate life with unwavering love and protection.Moved by his innate benevolence, the king, guided by his noble instincts, decided to take the orphaned fawn under his wing. Tenderly, he carried her to his sacred ashram, where the atmosphere reverberated with the essence of peace and divine presence. In this sanctified abode, the king ensured the fawn's well-being, nourishing her with affection, and providing her a nurturing environment to thrive.In the depths of the ashram, the bond between the king and the fawn blossomed, intertwining their lives in a tapestry of compassion and companionship. The king's selfless act of rescue transcended mere duty, as it was driven by a profound connection rooted in empathy and care.

Bharata nurtured the fawn with utmost tenderness, lavishing her with affectionate gestures. He would gently stroke her fur, scratch her neck, and bestow loving kisses upon her. Bharata went above and beyond to safeguard her from any harm, shielding her from the lurking danger posed by jackals and other wild creatures.However, as days turned into weeks and weeks into months, Bharata's attachment to the deer grew stronger. His devotion to the divine began to wane as his focus shifted more and more towards the care and well-being of the fawn. Gradually, he found himself gradually drifting away from his once steadfast path of devotion.Caught up in the throes of his deep affection for the deer, Bharata inadvertently veered away from the path of bhakti, the path of unwavering devotion and surrender to the divine. His heart, once solely devoted to worship, became entangled in the intricate web of worldly attachments.

The scriptures teach us the noble principle of never neglecting those in need, and this virtue resonated deeply within the heart of King Bharata. However, as time passed, a deep attachment began to take root within him, particularly towards the dear deer he had rescued. Thoughts of the deer consumed his mind incessantly, permeating every moment of his daily life. Whether he was bathing, eating, walking, sitting, or sleeping, the deer remained at the forefront of his consciousness.This overwhelming attachment, exhibited by a king who had willingly renounced his opulent kingdom, raised concerns. It became evident that such an intense attachment could only be attributed to the workings of past misdeeds or offenses, creating a karmic reaction that manifested in the form of this undue attachment.Despite his noble intentions and the compassionate act of rescuing the helpless fawn, King Bharata found himself entangled in the grip of attachments that clouded his spiritual path. This predicament served as a poignant reminder of the profound influence that past actions can have on our present lives. It underscored the importance of remaining vigilant and mindful, for even the most sincere acts of kindness and benevolence can lead us astray if we allow attachment to overshadow our spiritual pursuits.

One fateful day, the king found himself separated from the deer that had grown into a beautiful creature under his care. Overwhelmed with anguish and concern, he embarked on a desperate search, tirelessly wandering the area, calling out the deer's name. His heart was heavy with grief, and his mind was consumed with thoughts of the deer's well-being.However, destiny had a different plan in store. Tragically, it was during this ardent search for the deer that the king met his untimely demise. In his final moments, his entire focus remained fixated on the object of his affection, his attention completely devoted to finding the deer. As his soul prepared to depart from his earthly vessel, a poignant sight unfolded before him - the deer, now matured, mourned his imminent departure as if she were his very own child.With his consciousness still intertwined with the deer, King Bharata took his last breath, leaving behind the human form he had once inhabited. In accordance with the laws of karma, his deep meditation and unwavering attachment to the deer led to a unique transformation. As he departed from his mortal body, he was destined to be reborn in the next life as a deer, an embodiment of the object of his intense devotion.

In the story of Bharata Maharaj, we witness the plight of an exalted soul who, despite his deep devotion and love for the Lord, was unable to remember the divine at the time of his passing. He became entangled in the web of attachment, succumbing to distractions that veiled his connection with the divine.This Bhagavata Story serves as a profound reminder for ordinary individuals like us. Both Lord Krishna and Sri RaghavendraTeertharu impart timeless wisdom, guiding us on the path of righteous living. As human beings, we have various roles and responsibilities, such as being a parent, a child, a sibling, or a friend. These roles are essential, and it is our duty to fulfill them diligently, upholding the principles of righteousness and moral values.However, amidst our worldly obligations, it is crucial to tread the path with discernment and detachment. While fulfilling our duties, we must strive to remain unaffected by the web of attachments that can entangle our hearts and cloud our spiritual connection. Attachment, when unchecked, has the power to distract us from our spiritual pursuits and hinder our progress on the path of enlightenment.

Lord Krishna and Sri RaghavendraTeertharu emphasize the importance of striking a delicate balance, performing our responsibilities with utmost sincerity while maintaining a sense of detachment from the outcomes and the attachments that may arise from them. By adopting this approach, we can navigate the complexities of life, fulfilling our duties and obligations with unwavering dedication, all the while remaining anchored in our spiritual aspirations.The teachings of Lord Krishna and Sri RaghavendraTeertharu remind us to cultivate an inner state of detachment, recognizing that our true nature transcends the temporary roles and relationships we assume in this world. By nurturing a spirit of detachment, we can liberate ourselves from the clutches of attachment, experiencing a profound sense of freedom and clarity as we embark on our spiritual journey.Ultimately, it is through the path of righteous action, guided by the wisdom of the scriptures and the examples set by great spiritual masters, that we can navigate the complexities of life and cultivate a state of detachment that allows our souls to soar towards divine union.This wisdom instills within us the understanding that our relationship with the Lord is not confined to a mere moment or a specific phase of life. It is a lifelong journey of devotion, surrender, and unwavering faith. By immersing ourselves in the remembrance of the Lord throughout our existence, we pave the way for a deeper spiritual connection and the ability to merge our consciousness with the Divine at the time of our ultimate transition.

Continuing the story of Bharata, after being liberated from the animal body, he still had yet to attain complete liberation from the cycle of material existence. As a result, he took another birth, this time as the son of the youngest son of a Brahmana belonging to the lineage of Angirasa. Due to his past life experiences, Bharata retained the ability to remember his previous incarnations. This remembrance served as a powerful catalyst, fueling his determination to never again succumb to the distractions of worldly association.Bharata's unwavering resolve and steadfast devotion propelled him to remain constantly absorbed in thoughts of the Lord's divine lotus feet. His entire being became enveloped in the sublime contemplation of the divine. With every passing moment, he remained deeply connected to the Supreme, unwavering in his focus and dedication.When the time came for Bharata to depart from his mortal body, he embraced the opportunity to remember the Lord with utmost devotion and surrender. In that sacred moment of transition, his consciousness merged seamlessly with the divine, transcending the boundaries of death and birth. Through his unwavering remembrance of the Lord, Bharata attained a realm beyond the cycle of death and rebirth, a realm of eternal existence and divine bliss.

Sri Rayaru's teachings serve as a gentle reminder that our spiritual evolution is an ongoing process, requiring constant effort, dedication, and mindfulness. By infusing our lives with the presence of the Divine and consistently practicing remembrance, we lay the foundation for a profound spiritual journey, where the remembrance of the Lord becomes an intrinsic part of our being, leading us towards eternal liberation and union with the Supreme.

In the profound Chapter 8 of the Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna imparts invaluable wisdom, delving into various aspects that pave the way for attaining the sublime state of remembering the divine at the final moments of life. Sri Raghavendra Swamy, in his extensive commentary, provides an intricate and detailed interpretation of each word and verse, offering profound insights into the deeper meaning conveyed by Sri Rayaru.

We are immensely indebted to Sri RaghavendraTeertharu for his invaluable contribution in simplifying the profound works of Acharya Madhwaru and JayaTeertharu, enabling even the common people to grasp the sublime teachings in a more accessible manner. Sri Rayaru's exemplary work serves as a beacon of inspiration, guiding individuals like myself who may lack inherent spiritual prowess and eligibility.

I humbly acknowledge my limitations in fully comprehending the profound depth of Sri Rayaru's commentary.

The devotion towards Sri Raghavendrateertharu is the ultimate truth and is the most simple and effective way to reach to Sri Hari  - "NAMBI KETTAVARILLAVO EE GURUGALA"!